The Bukit Peninsula is a 140-square-kilometre, lemon-shaped, limestone tableland that dangles like a pendant upon a chain at the southernmost extremity of the island. Bukit is the Indonesian word for hill and, until recently, this dry-land outcrop was home only to seaweed farmers, fisherman, cassava farmers and a few ardent surfers. The only other industry was the mining of blocks of building stone, from inland karst quarries. There was little infrastructure, no telephones lines, no electricity and almost no surface water. Roads were limited and many of the gorgeous beaches were inaccessible. The only tourist attraction was Pura Luhur, the 11th century temple at Uluwatu, balanced on the very edge of a narrow rocky cape. Since the Millennium, however, this up-and-coming region has reinvented itself to become the most up-market destination on the island. The recipient of a great deal of media attention, The Bukit now boasts some of Bali's most opulent destination villas, glamorous private estates, and internationally-branded boutique hotels, making it the area of choice for sophisticated and discerning travellers and residents. The growing social infrastructure is expected to yield shops, spas, clubs and world-class restaurants.